This report summarizes the scale and threat of hate, extremism, and terrorism within Alberta and Canada from 2019–2022.
II. Ideologically-Motivated Violent Extremism: Hate, Extremism, and Terrorism in Alberta, Canada, & Beyond
Ideological motivated violent extremism (IMVE) encompasses grievances and ideas that have traditionally been described as ranging from far-left extremism to far-right extremism. While the activity level of some IMVE categories appears to be rising since 2019, these have been counter-balanced by a decline or plateauing of other forms of extremism in the province.
III. Religiously-Motivated Violent Extremism: Hate, Extremism, & Terrorism in Alberta, Canada, & Beyond
Religiously motivated violent extremism (RMVE) refers to a set of grievances that encourages violence in a “spiritual struggle against a perceived immoral system.” RMVE actors can only address this struggle through the act of violence.
Although conspiracy theories and the individuals and groups that believe them are traditionally not lumped together with violent extremist organizations, we have chosen to do so for several reasons. Individuals on the fringe of some groups have conducted violence in recent years. Additionally, several established extremist organizations have adopted and incorporated parts of different conspiracy theories into their ideologies.
Understanding and awareness of local issues is a critical first step in preventing hate-motivated violence, extremism, and terrorism. These issues require a whole-of-society response where policymakers, law enforcement, and communities work towards prevention.
Hate and extremism are prevalent online and pose substantial risks for youth who are online daily. This report seeks to understand where youth encounter hate and extremism online, how they respond, and how to address it.
An overview of far-right extremism, a history of these movements in Canada, far-right movements today and policy ideas to further action by all levels of government, and communities themselves.
We are sharing our data and findings from two years of the Evolve intervention program. Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism remains a work in progress. By sharing our experience delivering intervention services, we aim to contribute to the ongoing development of a community of practice through evidence-based and practitioner-oriented research.
Political science adjunct professor John McCoy and his class on terrorism in the modern world have created a video meant to question racist assumptions about Islam and refugees that could lead to violent action.
In the aftermath of a confrontation outside the Al-Rashid mosque in January 2019, the OPV surveyed members of the community to determine both their reactions to the event, and how they think various stakeholders, including the City of Edmonton, Edmonton Police Service and the community can respond to such events in the future.